Visayas Musical Instruments And Its Definition
Bulungudyong – vertical flute (Pinatubo Ayta)
Palendag – lip-valley flute
Tulali – bamboo flute with 6 holes
Tumpong – bamboo flute
Lantoy- nose flute
Bamboo violin – a three-stringed violin of the Aeta people.
Butting – a bow with a single hemp string, plucked with a small stick.
Faglong – a two-stringed, lute-like instrument of the B’laan.
Guitar – introduced by the Spanish in the 17th century, now one of the most popular instruments in lowland (Christianity in the Philippines|Christian) areas.
Budlong- bamboo zither
Bandurria#Philippine bandurria|Bandurria – part of rondalya ensemble, it has a shorter neck and 14-strings compared to its Spanish ancestor.
Buktot – a four-stringed instrument made from coconut shells originating in the Visayas.
Kudyapi – a six-stringed boat lute from Mindanao.
Laúd – similar to the bandurria, it is ultimately of Spanish origin. Also part of a rondalya ensemble.
Octavina – part of a rondalya ensemble, it is of ultimately Spanish origin.
Agung – large gong suspended from an ornate frame
Gandingan – set of four large hanging knobbed gongs
Kubing – jew’s harp (Maranao)
Kulintang – set of eight tuned gongs placed horizontally in an ornate frame, tuned pentatonic scale|pentatonically.
Gambang|Gabbang – bamboo blades on a frame similar to marimba (Yakan, Batak, B’laan, Badjao, Taus)
Luntang – wooden beams hanging from a frame (Maguindanaon)
Kulintang a tiniok – set of eight, tuned knobbed metal plates strung on a wooden frame (Maguindanaon)
Saronay – eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung over a wooden frame (Maranao)
Agung a tamlang – bamboo (slit drum)
Dabakan – goblet drum (Maranao)
Gandang – double-headed barrel drum (Maranao)
Kagul – scraper
Libbit – conical drum (Ifugao)
Sulibao – conical drum (Ibaloy)
Babandil- small gong
Aruding- Jew’s harp (Palawan)
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